Two Former DHPE Interns Presenting Posters at APHA
Thursday, June 07, 2012
Congratulations to two of our former interns whose abstracts were selected for Poster presentations during the 140th APHA Annual Meeting (October 27 - October 31, 2012) in San Francisco, CA. Their abstracts were selected from a large number of excellent and high quality submittals. - Learn more about DHPE's Internship Program
Oluwakemi Oluwatuyi Babalola, MBBS MPH, is from Jackson State University. She interned with the Mississippi Urban Research Center (MURC) in spring of 2010 under the mentorship of Dr. Tonel Obene, Epidemiologist and Evaluator. Her abstract is entitled "Association between teenage pregnancy occurrence and parent-adolescent daughter communication dynamics." She worked worked on a mini - project during her internship on the social demographic factors associated with teenage pregnancy in the Mississippi Delta and the results are the basis of her abstract.
Background: Teenage pregnancy rates in the United States exceed those in most developed countries. Mississippi, where this study took place, has one of the highest teenage pregnancy rates in the nation. Determinants of teenage pregnancy should be extensively studied, including the effects of family communication dynamics on pregnancy occurrence. Purpose of study: This study is to determine the association between teenage pregnancy occurrence and parent-adolescent daughter communication dynamics. Methods: A questionnaire was administered to 75 adults between the ages of 20 and 39 living in Bolivar County of the Mississippi Delta. Only females who lived in the County while they were teenagers were recruited. The questionnaire collected data on pregnancy occurrence and family relationship of participants between the ages of 13 and 19. Data was analyzed using chi square and logistic regression analysis. Results: Most of the participants were African Americans (97.30%) and had income of less than $20,000 (81.10%). 88.00% of the participants were found to be single. Only 14.70% and 5.30% had college and post graduate level education respectively. Living in the same house with father reduced the odds of getting pregnant slightly (OR; 0.17). Teenagers who discussed important issues with father were less likely to get pregnant (OR; 8.54). Teenagers who discussed sex related issues with mother were more likely to get pregnant (OR; 2.50). Conclusion: The study demonstrates an association between family relationships especially parent-adolescent daughter communication on pregnancy occurrence. The study results provide direction for further research and teenage pregnancy prevention programs.
Dauda Fadeyi, MPH, from Florida Agricultural and Mechanical University. Mr. Fadeyi interned with the Pittsburgh Community Improvement Association Inc. (PCIA) under the mentorship of LaShawn Hoffman, Director of PCIA. His abstract is entitled "Physical Activity Participation among African American Students: Understanding the Role of Beliefs and Attitudes." He is presently working with the Epidemiology and Surveillance Office, Southwest Public Health District 8-2, in Albany, GA.
Background: Physical inactivity is one of the most significant health challenges in the US today, as it leads to adverse health outcomes such as: obesity, heart disease, diabetes, hypertension, cancer, depression, early mortality, etc. The CDC recommends that adults engage in at least thirty minutes of moderate-intensity physical activity (PA), five days a week. Roughly 39% of African Americans do not meet the recommended level of physical activity, and 25% are completely sedentary. Purpose: To identify the negative and positive perceptions of African American college students in association with reported PA levels. The Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) guided this exploratory study, namely: behavioral intent, attitudes, normative and behavior control beliefs related to PA. Methods: Utilized a cross-sectional, 30-item questionnaire, analyzed with SPSS. Study participants (N=140) were recruited from several sites in the Florida A&M University Campus, a historically Black university (HBCU). Results: 77.9% of the study population did not meet the recommended level of PA, although activity levels did not differ significantly between genders. Positive attitudes, supportive normative beliefs, and positive perceived behavioral control were all associated with PA intent level, as were age and classification. Most participants were unaware of PA recommendations. Conclusions: For this sample of African Americans, the critical period of time where college students' PA levels drop was identified. Findings regarding role models, campus v. non-campus residence, classification, and types of preferred activity can shape much needed culturally competent interventions, messages and research that focus on African American college students.